Published by the powerful American Psychiatric Association, DSM is the most widely used psychiatric tool in the world. Its latest edition, the DSM-5, accumulates gross errors and confusion. Psychiatrists, editors of previous manuals, psychoanalysts warn against its publication, which they believe will lead to misdiagnosis, but especially to a dangerous and excessive use of drugs.Hélène Fresnel
I do not understand. In TV commercials, they say that, thanks to this antidepressant, people are better! "Exclaims a desperate mother in Steven Soderbergh's latest film . America perfused with psychotropic drugs, in which hallucinated senior executives swallow, like sweets, anxiolytics manufactured, marketed and sold by firms speculating on their profitability.The hero, psychiatrist, makes a betabloquant swallow to his companion, stressed by a maintenance of hiring by explaining to him: "It does not make you anybody else. It helps you to be yourself! "Does the fiction reflect reality? The basics of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy would have been swallowed and successfully digested by the pharmaceutical industry Yes, alas! American and European intellectuals, psychiatrists, etc. To whom DSM , they answer, aka the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders .
A menu of symptoms
What does the object look like? " At a Chinese restaurant menu, "says American psychiatrist and psychotherapist Irvin Yalom," not false: it's nothing more than a list of "disorders" defined by symptoms and numbered, so that doctors and Health system officials can enter codes into administrative software, and you'll get back to a little bit of "pain," or rather, F45.4 A raw dictionary whose fifth edition was released on May 22 in the United States and is expected soon in France. " It is a valuable tool, says psychiatrist Antoine Pelissolo, who participated in the French translation of the fourth edition. It allows us, researchers and clinicians, to speak a common international language, particularly in the field of studies. We can name, identify the topics we work on, discuss them, exchange between scientists from different countries, cultures; and, of course, solicit budgets, funding for our work. "
This new version is a disaster, ensure editors of previous editions and renowned psychiatrists, like the American professor Allen J.Frances, who had supervised the fourth album. An opinion shared by Mikkel Borch-Jacobsen, philosopher and historian of psychiatry: "In its first version, the DSM recorded only one hundred and six mental disorders.In its third edition, from which everything began to skid and rejects definitively all psychoanalytic reference, the number has risen to two hundred and sixty-five, and since then it has been inflation.Some that do not exist have been created by relying solely on constellations of symptoms. mental illnesses, the latter are constantly crossing each other and are often close to one pathology to another.The laboratories have infiltrated the expert groups of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), which publishes the manual , suggesting new disorders to sell the psychotropic drugs they want to put on the market. "
In its latest releases, the DSM has added to its nomenclature emotions like olere, stress or sorrow. What happens if emotional states are diagnosed as psychiatric disorders? Doctors prescribe drugs manufactured to chemically stop the suffering of their patients. You have a problem? Chemistry will be the solution! "Last year, about 20% of French people used psychotropic drugs," says psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Patrick Landman.
How far will the absurdity go?
A compilation of five "new symptoms" initiated by the authors of "DSM-5" and disassembled, for Psychologies by specialists Mikkel Borch-Jacobsen, Maurice Corcos and Christopher Lane.